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Physical Features

Due to the presence of a large number of rivers, most of Punjab is a fertile plain. Tributaries of the rivers Beas, Ghaggar, Indus, Ravi and Sutlej flow towards the southeast crossing the entire state. There are many sub-tributaries of these rivers that provide a base for the most extensive canal system in India.

The southeast region of the state is semi-arid and presents a desert-like landscape. A belt of rising and falling hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas.

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